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What is a citation?

The Academic Integrity Handbook, is a great guide for learning about citations, citation styles, and academic writing.

It is expected that you use other experts' and scholars' ideas and even quotations in your writing; however, you must explain where you got this information by using citations. A citation is the information about a source that you used.  The goal of citation is to point the reader back to the original source of the information. Citations also inform your professor that you have used suitable sources of information in your work. 

When to cite?

Whenever you are presenting words, ideas, images, or data from someone other than yourself, include a citation for that work. You must also include a citation when paraphrasing or summarizing, as the idea is still coming from another source.

Citation Styles

The Library keeps the current physical versions of the manuals in the reference section. The CBU Writing Center also has online quick guides for each style.

Guide Websites


For larger research projects such as thesis, Zotero is an open access reference management software. Using it you can collect, organize, cite, format your references, and share your research sources. Download it on the Zotero site and register for an account. Zotero is easy to use; make sure you download the software plus the browser add on.


For an instruction session on installing and using Zotero for you or a class, contact one of the liaison librarians.

Instructional Videos and Downloads:

Citation Guides

MLA Handbook [9th Ed.]

Also visit:

Scientific Style and Format