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Indigenous Research Methodologies and Ethics

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The Structure of a Scholarly (Academic) Article

This is an example of a structure of an academic scholarly paper, though there may be variations: 

Abstract Summarizes the content within the paper and sometimes outlines keywords in the paper
Introduction Introduces a problem and provides a solution to that problem, whether it is a new idea or a plan of action. Also, it outlines the structure of the paper
Literature Review Identifies past and current research on the topic and any gaps in the existing knowledge
Methodology Explains what method the author(s) chose for conducting their study (e.g. Case studies, personal reflections, surveys/questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, etc.)
Results Explains the results of the study
Discussion & Conclusion Interprets the results, discusses the limitations of the method that they used, and/or makes recommendations based on their findings