The Academic Integrity Handbook, is a great guide for learning about citations, citation styles, and academic writing.
It is expected that you use other experts' and scholars' ideas and even quotations in your writing; however, you must explain where you got this information by using citations. A citation is the information about a source that you used. The goal of citation is to point the reader back to the original source of the information. Citations also inform your professor that you have used suitable sources of information in your work.
When to cite?
Whenever you are presenting words, ideas, images, or data from someone other than yourself, include a citation for that work. You must also include a citation when paraphrasing or summarizing, as the idea is still coming from another source.
Unlike other personal communications, Knowledge keepers and Elders are cited both in-text and in the reference list. NorQuest College Library created templates for MLA and APA style. Also its important that when you approach an Elder or Knowledge Keeper for teachings you remember to follow cultural protocols. If you are unsure of what the cultural protocols are, please ask them ahead of time.
|APA Style||Cardinal, D., Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. personal communication. April 4, 2004.|
|MLA Style||Cardinal, Delores., Goodfish Lake Cree Nation. Treaty 6. Lives in Edmonton. Oral teaching. 4 April 2004.|
|APA Style||"Delores Cardinal described the nature of the... (2004)." OR "The nature of the place was... (Cardinal, 2004)."|
|MLA Style||"Delores Cardinal described the nature of the..." OR "The nature of the place was... (Cardinal)."|