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Mi'kmaq & Indigenous Studies: Reconciliation & Contemporary Topics

This guide was created for students, faculty, administrative staff, and our community members.

Reconciliation as Relationship in Canada’s Residential Schools: Reconciliation (p.16)

Quotes from The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Volume 6 [Emphasis added]

A reconciliation framework is one in which Canada’s political and legal systems, educational and religious institutions, corporate sector, and civil society function in ways that are consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which Canada has endorsed. The Commission believes that the following guiding principles of truth and reconciliation will assist Canadians moving forward:

  1. The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples is the framework for reconciliation at all levels and across all sectors of Canadian society.
  2. First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples, as the original peoples of this country and as self-determining peoples, have Treaty, constitutional, and human rights that must be recognized and respected.
  3. Reconciliation is a process of healing relationships that requires public truth sharing, apology, and commemoration that acknowledge and redress past harms.
  4. Reconciliation requires constructive action on addressing the ongoing legacies of colonialism that have had destructive impacts on Aboriginal peoples’ education, cultures and languages, health, child welfare, administration of justice, and economic opportunities and prosperity.
  5. Reconciliation must create a more equitable and inclusive society by closing the gaps in social, health, and economic outcomes that exist between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Canadians.
  6. All Canadians, as Treaty peoples, share responsibility for establishing and maintaining mutually respectful relationships.
  7. The perspectives and understandings of Aboriginal Elders and Traditional Knowledge Keepers of the ethics, concepts, and practices of reconciliation are vital to long-term reconciliation.
  8. Supporting Aboriginal peoples’ cultural revitalization and integrating Indigenous knowledge systems, oral histories, laws, protocols, and connections to the land into the reconciliation process are essential.
  9. Reconciliation requires political will, joint leadership, trust building, accountability, and transparency, as well as a substantial investment of resources.
  10. Reconciliation requires sustained public education and dialogue, including youth engagement, about the history and legacy of residential schools, Treaties, and Aboriginal rights, as well as the historical and contemporary contributions of Aboriginal peoples to Canadian society.

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Legal & Government Documents

In the Royal Proclamation of 1763, the British declared that all lands west of the established colonies belonged to Aboriginal peoples and that the Crown could legally acquire these lands only by negotiating Treaties (p. 35).

Links

Suggested Reading (written by law professors)

Books written by scholars in the Humanities & Social Sciences

Acknowledgement

To create this library guide, we thank Ms. Diane Chisholm, Coordinator of Mi'kmaq Resource Centre, who provided us with extensive bibliography lists. To make the most use of her bibliography for the users of this guide, additional information, such as the call number, publisher's notes, table of contents, and/or the link to the material, is included. The Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada has also been used as guidance to add further resources and organize the information. I would like to express the deepest appreciation to all the members who educated me and helped me create this guide. - Y. Umetsubo (CBU Librarian)

United Nations Documents

Download the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples:

United Nations Declaration On the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

"The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and the UN “Outcome Document” provide a framework and a mechanism to support and improve access to justice for Indigenous peoples in Canada" (p.49).

Access to Justice in the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

★ Also visit the UN's Indigenous Issues: Quick Guide

★ Report of Diane Orentlicher, independent expert to update the Set of principles to combat impunity:
Updated Set of principles for the protection and promotion of human rights through action to combat impunity
- Louis Joinet, Set of Principles for the Protection and Promotion of Human Rights through Action to Combat Impunity, UN Doc. E/CN.4/Sub.2/1997/20/Rev.1 (1997) (Joinet Principles), was updated by Diane Orentlicher.

Truth and Reconciliation Commission

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: 94 Calls to Action

Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: 94 Calls to Action

National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Officially opening in the summer of 2015, the NCTR will be the permanent home for all statements, documents, and other materials gathered by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (TRC).

National Research Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

According to their website, the NCTR will ensure that:

• Survivors and their families have access to their own history

• Educators can share the Residential School history with new generations of students

• Researchers can delve more deeply into the Residential School experience

• The public can access historical records and other materials to help foster reconciliation and healing

• The history and legacy of the Residential School system are never forgotten

Turtle at the National Research Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

Address:
Chancellor's Hall 177 Dysart Rd.
Winnipeg, MB
R3T 2N2

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Indigenous Peoples - Government Relations